What is typhoid fever?
Typhoid fever is an infection caused by a bacteria called “Salmonella typhi”. It is usually seen in developing countries, where there are low standards of hygiene. Travelers are exposed to typhoid fever when they visit these countries.
Countries at risk include South Asia, Africa, Asia, Central and South America and the Caribbean.
Typhoid fever is a reportable disease in Ontario.
What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
Symptoms of typhoid fever include:
- constipation or diarrhea
- loss of appetite
Some people don’t develop any symptoms.
Typhoid fever can lead to serious complications such as:
- enlargement of the liver
- enlargement of the spleen
- bleeding in the intestines
It usually takes one to three weeks to become sick after being infected with typhoid fever.
You should see a health care provider if the illness seems to be causing more serious symptoms.
How is typhoid fever spread?
Typhoid fever is spread by eating or drinking contaminated food and water. The food and water is contaminated with feces of people that are infected.
How is typhoid fever treated?
Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics to kill bacteria.